As we become more urbanized, foxes and other wildlife creatures are more likely to venture outside of their usual comfort zone. In Georgia, two species of foxes may cause residents trouble–the gray fox and red fox.
Due to Georgia’s growing fox population, trapping and relocating foxes is now illegal since relocated foxes can cause issues in their new location. At Grade A Critter, we offer safe fox prevention and removal services, so that foxes won’t become a nuisance in your area.
Both types of foxes eat a wide-variety of foods, including birds, small mammals, insects, fruits, and even grass. Foxes will prey on small livestock such as chickens, ducks, rabbits, and young lambs, but generally, do not attack larger livestock. Cats may also be preyed upon. Since they are scavengers, foxes may look for easily accessible food in garbage cans, bringing them closer to your home.
Foxes live in dens created from caves, rocky crevices, hollow logs, and trees. The under part of houses, sheds, and other foundations also make good homes for foxes since they are sheltered. Unfortunately, these locations draw foxes near humans and pets, which causes a potential danger and nuisance.
Though these creatures are small, they can be dangerous, especially when they are defending their den or feel cornered. In Georgia, the gray and red fox have a history of attacking pets and even small children. Foxes don’t typically see humans or dogs as prey but will defend themselves if approached, usually by biting.
Foxes can carry diseases through their bite and feces such as mange, canine distemper and toxocariasis. They are also likely carriers of rabies, which can be fatal. If they defecate close to where people live, then the bacteria can spread to both the nearby humans and pets. Pets, especially dogs are more susceptible to catching these diseases through feces.
The red fox is dog-like in appearance, with an elongated pointed muzzle and large pointed ears that are usually erect and forward. It has moderately long legs and long, thick, soft body fur with a heavily furred, bushy tail. Typically, red foxes are colored with a light orange-red coat, black legs, lighter-colored underfur and a white- tipped tail. Silver and cross foxes are color phases of the red fox. In North America the red fox weighs about 7.7 to 15.4 pounds (3.5 to 7.0 kg), with males on average 2.2 pounds (1 kg) heavier than females.
In body form and size, the coyote (Canis latrans) resembles a small collie dog, with erect pointed ears, slender muzzle, and a bushy tail. Coyotes are predominantly brownish gray in color with a light gray to cream-colored belly. Color varies greatly, however, from nearly black to red or nearly white in some individuals and local populations. Most have dark or black guard hairs over their back and tail. In western states, typical adult males weigh from 25 to 45 pounds (11 to 16 kg) and females from 22 to 35 pounds (10 to 14 kg). In the East, many coyotes are larger than their western counterparts, with males averaging about 45 pounds (14 kg) and females about 30 pounds (13 kg).
Foxes may cause serious problems for poultry producers. Turkeys raised in large range pens are subject to damage by foxes. Losses may be heavy in small farm flocks of chickens, ducks, and geese. Young pigs, lambs, and small pets are also killed by foxes. Damage can be difficult to detect because the prey is usually carried from the kill site to a den site, or uneaten parts are buried.
Foxes usually attack the throat of young livestock, but some kill by inflicting multiple bites to the neck and back. Foxes do not have the size or strength to hold adult livestock or to crush the skull and large bones of their prey. They generally prefer the viscera and often begin feeding through an entry behind the ribs. Foxes will also scavenge carcasses, making the actual cause of death difficult to determine.
For managing coyote damage, a variety of control methods must be avail- able since no single method is effective in every situation. Success usually involves an integrated approach, combining good husbandry practices with effective control methods for short periods of time. Regardless of the means used to stop damage, the focus should be on damage prevention and control rather than elimination of coyotes.
It is neither wise nor practical to kill all coyotes. It is important to try to prevent coyotes from killing calves or sheep for the first time. Once a coyote has killed livestock, it will probably continue to do so if given the opportunity. Equally important is taking action as quickly as possible to stop coyotes from killing after they start.
Grade a Critter has 17 years of experience in wildlife control services.
But our expertise in wildlife management goes farther than just our years of experience. For us, wildlife removal is down to a science.
We’ve got critter problems covered from A-to-Z. No matter your animal issue, we’re equipped to quickly & humanely handle wildlife removal in your area.
Get in contact with our crew today, and we’ll get rid of unwanted guests, critters as soon as possible.